Electrical Safety Practices | Cotelco Inc.

For Home and School

All violations of the Philippine Electrical Code (PEC) represent potentially dangerous arrangements. In order to correct these situations, the following safety practices are encouraged:

  • Never underestimate the danger of 220- volt AC circuits. More people die from 220- volt AC electrical shock than any other voltage. this is mostly due to lack of respect.
  • Watch out for electrical arcs: they can cause severe burns.
  • Do not operate equipment beyond its rated capacity.
  • Never install equipment beyond its rated capacity.

Electrical Safety For Children Through Parents

Stay Clear of Power Lines

  • Don’t play near power lines.
  • Never climb trees that are near electric wires.
  • Do not electric utility poles substation fences or high-tension wires.
  • Never throw anything over or at power lines.
  • Stat away from fallen power lines.
  • Never fly kites near power lines.
  • Never install TV antenas near power lines.

Don’t Play with Electrical Equipment

  • Don’t stick any object other than an electric plug into an outlet.
  • Never fool or pray with wires electric meters, switches or any electrical equipment inside and outside your home.
  • Don’t break insulators or electrical equipment.
  • Stay away from transformers and power substations.

Use Appliances Safely

  • Never use any electrical appliances when you’re wet, have we hands, or when you’re standing in water.
  • Keep all electric appliances at least 10 feet away from pools.
  • If an appliance repeatedly blows a fuse, trips a circuit breaker or if it has given you a shock, unplug it and have it repaired.
  • When wiring or installing a new equipment, let it be handled by a duly licensed electrical engineer or electrician to ensure the equipment meets the requirements for safe operation.

Caution: Remember electricity is your friend, but use it safely.

For Office and Workplace

  • Inspect electrical cords regularly and repair or replace damage cords.
  • Only licensed electrical engineers and master electricians should install cords on equipment.
  • Use only BPS or other internationally approved high-quality components when making a repair.
  • If the use if voltage higher than 600 V is required, let it be handled by a duly licensed Professional Electrical Engineer (PEE) or a Registered Electrical Engineer (REE) for assistance in the design and installation.
  • If you need additional outlet always consult your duly licensed electricians to have the work done. Do not use extension cords for permanent installation, i.e. longer than three months.

Safety Checklist


  • Check for outlets that have those loose-fitting plugs, which can overheat and lead to fire.
  • Replace any missing or broken wall plates.
  • Make sure there are safety covers on all un-used outlets that are accessible to children.


  • Make sure cords are in good condition – not frayed or cracked.
  • Cords should never be nailed or stapled to the wall, baseboard or to another object.
  • Do not place cords under carpets or rugs or rest any furniture on them.
  • See that the cords are not overloaded: and they are not meant to be used permanently as household wiring.


  • Make sure plugs fit your outlets.
  • Never force a plug into an outlet if it doesn’t fit.
  • Avoid overloading outlets with too many appliances.

Light Bulbs

  • Check the wattage of all bulbs in light fixtures to make sure they are the correct wattage for the size of the fixture.
  • Replace bulbs that have higher wattage than recommended.
  • Make sure bulbs are properly secured; loose ones may overheat.

Circuit Breakers / Fuses

  • Should be the correct size current rating for their circuit.
  • If you do not know the right size, have a licensed engineer and master electrician identify and label the size to be used.
  • Always replace a fuse with the same size and rating.

Water and Electricity Don’t Mix

  • Don’t plugged an appliances where they might come into contact with water.
  • Do not pull out plugged-in appliance that falls into water, even if it is turned off. Firs, turn off the power source and pull it out.
  • Before using an appliance that has gotten wet, have it checked first by a qualified technician.

Outdoor Safety

  • Electric powered tool and equipment should not be used in the rain or wet conditions.
  • Always use an extension cord marked for out-door use and rated for the power need of your tools.
  • Remember to unplug all portable tools when not in use.
  • Since metal ladder conducts electricity, watch out for overhead and power lines when using.

Do’s and Dont’s for Electrical Safety

  1. Do use extension cords only on temporary basis.
  2. Do put safety covers on unused receptacle outlets and extension cords.
  3. Do unplug an appliance and call an electrician if the receptacle face-plate feels hot or if there is sparking, smoke, color or odor coming from the outlet, cord or appliances.
  4. Do examine appliance and extension cords regularly for signs of wear and tear or damage of insulation.
  5. Do unlug all non-essential electrical appliance when not in used.
  6. Do use extension cords listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory.
  7. Don’t use extension cords as permanent substitute for inadequate house wiring.
  8. Don’t use extension cords that are worn or damaged and don’t attach it on walls with nails or staples.
  9. Don’t put extension cords under rug where they might be walked on, don’t rest anything on an it.
  10. Don’t overload cords with too much appliances.
  11. Don’t touch any appliances that has emitted an electric shock until the appliance has been unplugged.
  12. Don’t place electrical appliance where they might come in contact with water. Never reach into water for plugged in appliances. Turn off power first, then unplugged it.
  13. Don’t place an appliance cord where it might touch a hot surface.
  14. Don’t leave any wiring exposed in outlets and switches. Use the correct size face-plate.
  15. Don’t ignore switches or outlets that don’t work. Call the help of a licensed electrician.
  16. Don’t let cords hang over counter-tops where children can pull it down.

NEVER GUESS. Consider every line energized!

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